Great Decisions

Great Decisions Discussion Group
Friday Mornings 10:00-11:30, February, March and April
Murrysville Library Meeting Room
Open To The Public

Great Decisions is the name shared by a program and a publication of the Foreign Policy Association. Published annually, the Great Decisions Briefing Book highlights eight of the most thought-provoking foreign policy challenges facing Americans. Today, Great Decisions provides background information, current data and policy options for each of the eight issues and serves as the focal text for discussion groups. Begun in 1954, the Great Decisions Discussion Program is designed to encourage debate and discussion of the important global issues of our time. Interested AAUW members meet each Friday in the months of February, March and April to discuss one of the topics in the Great Decisions Briefing Book. The discussions are lead by a volunteer leader who brings additional information on the chosen topic.

We’re pleased to announce the topics for Great Decisions 2018! This year’s topics are as follows:

  • The Waning of Pax Americana? (Friday, February 16th)
  • Turkey: A Partner in Crisis (Friday, February 23rd)
  • U.S. Global Engagement and the Military (Friday, March 2nd)
  • China’s Geopolitics (Friday, March 9th)
  • South Africa’s Fragile Democracy (Friday, March 16th)
  • Global Health Issues (Friday, March 23rd)
  • Media and Foreign Policy (Friday in April, date TBD)
  • Russia’s Foreign Policy (Friday in April, date TBD)

All meetings are open to the public.
For further information, email MurrysvilleAAUW@gmail.com

The Waning of Pax Americana?, Friday, February 16
By Carla Norrlof

During the first months of Donald Trump’s presidency, the U.S. began a historic shift away from Pax Americana, the liberal international order that was established in the wake of World War II. Since 1945, Pax Americana has promised peaceful international relations and an open economy, buttressed by U.S. military power. In championing “America First” isolationism and protectionism, President Trump has shifted the political mood toward selective U.S. engagement, where foreign commitments are limited to areas of vital U.S. interest and economic nationalism is the order of the day. Geopolitical allies and challengers alike are paying close attention.

Turkey: a partner in crisis, Friday, February 23
By Ömer Taşpinar

Of all NATO allies, Turkey represents the most daunting challenge for the Trump administration. In the wake of a failed military coup in July 2016, the autocratic trend in Ankara took a turn for the worse. One year on, an overwhelming majority of the population considers the United States to be their country’s greatest security threat. In this age of a worsening “clash of civilizations” between Islam and the West, even more important than its place on the map is what Turkey symbolically represents as the most institutionally Westernized Muslim country in the world.

U.S. Global engagement and the military, Friday, March 2nd
By Gordon Adams

The global power balance is rapidly evolving, leaving the United States at a turning point with respect to its level of engagement and the role of its military. Some argue for an “America First” paradigm, with a large military to ensure security, while others call for a more assertive posture overseas. Some advocate for a restoration of American multilateral leadership and a strengthened role for diplomacy. Still others envision a restrained U.S. role, involving a more limited military. How does the military function in today’s international order, and how might it be balanced with diplomatic and foreign assistance capabilities?

China and America: the new geopolitical equation,  Friday, March 9th
By David M. Lampton

In the last 15 years, China has implemented a wide-ranging strategy of economic outreach and expansion of all its national capacities, including military and diplomatic capacities. Where the United States has taken a step back from multilateral trade agreements and discarded the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), China has made inroads through efforts like the Belt and Road Initiative and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). What are Beijing’s geopolitical objectives? What leadership and political conditions in each society underlie growing Sino-American tensions? What policies might Washington adopt to address this circumstance?

South Africa’s fragile democracy, Friday, March 16th
By Sean Jacobs

The African National Congress (ANC) party has governed South Africa since the end of apartheid in 1994. But the party today suffers from popular frustration over official corruption and economic stagnation. It faces growing threats from both left and right opposition parties, even as intraparty divisions surface. Given America’s history of opportunistic engagement with Africa, there are few prospects for a closer relationship between the two countries. Meanwhile, a weaker ANC could lead to political fragmentation in this relatively new democracy.

Global Health Issues: progress and challenges, Friday, March 23rd
By Joshua Michaud

The collective action of countries, communities and organizations over the last 30 years has literally saved millions of lives around the world. Yet terrible inequalities in health and wellbeing persist. The world now faces a mix of old and new health challenges, including the preventable deaths of mothers and children, continuing epidemics of infectious diseases, and rising rates of chronic disease. We also remain vulnerable to the emergence of new and deadly pandemics. For these reasons, the next several decades will be just as important—if not more so—than the last in determining wellbeing across nations.

Media and foreign policy, Friday in April, date TBD
By Susan Moeller

State and non-state actors today must maneuver a complex and rapidly evolving media landscape. Conventional journalism now competes with user-generated content. Official channels of communication can be circumvented through social media. Foreign policy is tweeted from the White House and “fake news” has entered the zeitgeist. Cyberwarfare, hacking and misinformation pose complex security threats. How are actors using media to pursue and defend their interests in the international arena? What are the implications for U.S. policy?

Russia’s foreign policy, Friday in April, date TBD
By Allen C. Lynch

Under President Vladimir Putin, Russia is projecting an autocratic model of governance abroad and working to undermine the influence of liberal democracies, namely along Russia’s historical borderlands. Russia caused an international uproar in 2016, when it interfered in the U.S. presidential contest. But Putin’s foreign policy toolkit includes other instruments, from alliances with autocrats to proxy wars with the U.S. in Georgia, Ukraine and Syria. How does Putin conceive of national interests, and why do Russian citizens support him? How should the United States respond to Putin’s foreign policy ambitions?